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Journal of Case Reports
Dengue Infection Induced Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage
Vishal Singh1, Satish Chandra Mishra2, Pulkit Singh3, Pradeepa AM4
1Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, 7 AF Hospital, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India; 2Department of Interventional Cardiology, Military Hospital (CTC), Pune, Maharashtra, India; 3MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India; 4Department of Medicine, 7 AF Hospital, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Corresponding Author:
Dr Vishal Singh
Email: vishal23415@gmail.com
Received: 26-DEC-2019 Accepted: 26-MAR-2020 Published Online: 05-APR-2020
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2020.0018
Background: Dengue fever is a commonly encountered arthropod-borne viral disease. The spectrum of the disease varies widely, and at times it may present with unusual complications. One such dreaded but rare complication is diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). Case Report: A 42 years old lady having no co-morbidities presented with dengue infection. The presentation included fever, gum bleed, and asthenia. The examination showed low oxygen saturation and clear chest. The discordance between clinical findings and the oxygen saturation led to a cascade of investigations, culminating in the diagnosis of DAH. She was managed symptomatically, with full recovery. Conclusion: DAH is an uncommon, life-threatening, complication of dengue infection. A high index of suspicion, prompt evaluation and early institution of appropriate therapy hold the key to successfully manage such patients.
Keywords : Arbovirus Infections, Dengue, Fever, Hemorrhage, Oxygen.
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