About the Journal | Editorial Board | Instructions to Contributors | Submission & Review | Advertise with Us | Subscribe to E- Alerts
Sitemap | Feedback
Advanced search
Journal of Case Reports
Lupus Mastitis as Differential Diagnosis of Breast Mass
João Antonio Pessôa Corrêa, Maria Célia Resende Djahjah
Department of Radiology, Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21941-590, Brazil.
Corresponding Author:
Dr. João Antonio Pessôa Corrêa
Email: joaoapcorrea@gmail.com
Received: 29-APR-2020 Accepted: 18-JUL-2020 Published Online: 10-AUG-2020
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2020.0043
Background: Lupus mastitis is a rare presentation of lupus panniculitis, seen in up to 2 to 3% of the patients and rarely being the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus. It affects the deep subcutaneous adipose tissue of the breast. Case Report: A previously healthy 36-year-old white woman presented with a history of a palpable mass in the right breast that had developed over one year. Physical examination revealed a palpable mass with skin retraction, local erythema and an ulcer in healing in the right breast. Imaging evaluation with mammography and ultrasound classified the findings as suspicious, indicating biopsy. Biopsy revealed findings suggestive of lupus mastitis. Patient was treated with anti-malarial drugs, with clinical improvement. Conclusion: The findings on physical examination and imaging studies of lupus mastitis can be misleading. Depending on the presentation on the onset, it can mimic breast infection or even breast carcinoma. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is useful in evaluating the extent of disease and may have an important role in monitoring treatment response. Histopathology has an important role in suggesting diagnosis, leading to the correct treatment and avoiding erroneous surgical procedures, which can work as triggers for new episodes of mastitis. 
Keywords : Adult, Breast, Breast Neoplasms, Female, Lupus Erythematosus, Panniculitis.
Article Options
Search PubMed for
Search Google Scholar for
Article Statistics
Bookmark and Share