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Journal of Case Reports
Epididymal Rhabdomyosarcoma: An Uncommon Scrotal Mass Presentation in a Young Adult
Amit Ilamkar, Ishan Merchant, Hemant Pathak, Ranjeet Vishwakarma, Aniket Shirke, Manas Panda, Akash Rathod, Jay Mandanaka
Department of Urology, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Corresponding Author:
Dr. Amit Ilamkar
Email: amitilamkar@gmail.com
Received: 13-MAY-2023 Accepted: 09-JUL-2023 Published Online: 25-AUG-2023
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2023.0023
Background: Epididymal rhabdomyosarcoma is an exceptionally uncommon mesenchymal tumor that primarily originates within the epididymis. While rhabdomyosarcoma is typically observed in pediatric and adolescent populations, it is an extremely rare occurrence in young adults. This tumor type often presents as a painless scrotal mass, making early diagnosis challenging. Case Report: We report the case of a young adult, an 18-year-old male, who presented with a painless left scrotal mass that gradually evolved over a three-month period. This mass was incidentally detected, raising concerns about its etiology. Subsequently, the patient underwent an inguinal orchidectomy, and the histological analysis of the excised tissue confirmed the diagnosis of epididymal rhabdomyosarcoma. To combat the malignancy, the patient received an extensive treatment regimen of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. A follow-up assessment, conducted two months after the completion of chemotherapy, revealed significant clinical improvement. Conclusion: Early diagnosis of epididymal rhabdomyosarcoma is crucial due to the tumor's aggressive nature. A comprehensive treatment approach involving surgery and chemotherapy has demonstrated promise in managing this challenging condition, emphasizing the importance of timely intervention for improved clinical outcomes in young adults with this rare scrotal mass presentation.
Keywords : Chemotherapy, Epididymis, Prognosis, Radiotherapy, Surgery.
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