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Journal of Case Reports
Challenges in a Video-assisted Pulmonary Lobectomy in a Jehovah’s Witness Patient
Samuel Loureiro Gontijo, Larissa Cristelli de Sena, Igor Alcântara Procópio, Lucas josé Resende, Marina Ayres Delgado
Hospital das clínicas de Belo Horizonte, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Av Alfredo Balena 110, Santa Efigênia, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Cep:30130-100.
Corresponding Author:
Dr Marina Ayres Delgado
Email: marina.ayres.delgado@gmail.com
Received: 22-SEP-2023 Accepted: 02-JAN-2024 Published Online: 05-MAR-2024
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2024.0006
Background: A Jehovah's Witness is a member of a religious group that forbids the transfusion of any blood component. Major surgery on a Jehovah's Witness is challenging for both the surgeon performing it and the interdisciplinary team caring for the patient. Case Report: In this case, a 56-year-old Brazilian man with lung adenocarcinoma was due for a lower left lobectomy, but being a Jehovah's Witness patient, he refused a blood transfusion. While he refused allogenic blood transfusions, he consented to intra-operative cell salvage and the administration of blood coagulation agents. Discussion: The patient underwent a successful thoracic surgery despite refusing blood transfusions. Anesthetic management involves the maintenance of hemodynamic stability and the use of conservative blood management techniques.  
Keywords : Anesthesia, Blood Conservation, Intraoperative Blood Cell Salvage, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Thoracic Surgery.
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