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Journal of Case Reports
Colloid Cyst of Third Ventricle in Pregnancy: A Rare Cause of Maternal Mortality
A Grover1, S Mehta1, A Mann1, AG Yadav2, E Kale1
Departments of 1Obstetrics & Gynecology and 2Forensic Medicine, Babu Jagjivan Ram Memorial Hospital, Delhi, India.
Corresponding Author:
Dr A Grover
Email: anshul_abc@yahoo.com
Received: 12-SEP-2023 Accepted: 03-JAN-2024 Published Online: 05-APR-2024
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2024.0008
Background: Colloid cysts, rare benign growths in the third ventricle, can lead to obstructive hydrocephalus, as exemplified by a fatal case in pregnancy due to cyst enlargement. Case Report: Mrs. X, a 30-year-old multiparous woman in her fifth month of pregnancy, was admitted to our hospital unconscious and could not be revived despite CPR efforts. Upon evaluation, her medical history revealed a progressive increase in headache intensity over the preceding three days, followed by vomiting, dizziness, and eventual sudden collapse. Postmortem examination revealed a sizable colloid cyst in the third ventricle, exerting pressure on brain tissue and causing herniation of the cerebellar tonsils. Conclusion: This case emphasizes the importance of thorough investigation into the causes of persistent headaches during pregnancy. Failure to diagnose such insidious yet potentially severe conditions can have life-threatening consequences.
Keywords : Colloid cyst, Pregnancy, Headache, Obstructive hydrocephalus, Maternal Mortality.
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