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Journal of Case Reports
Infantile Tuberculous Osteomyelitis of the Proximal Tibia
Faisal Rahman1, Iman Solichin2, Nurmansyah Hatta Dwiputra2
1Department of Orthopaedic & Traumatology, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; 2Department of Orthopaedic & Traumatology, Spine Consultant, Orthopaedic Purwokerto Hospital, Purwokerto, Indonesia.
Corresponding Author:
Dr. Faisal Rahman
Email: me.faisalrahman@gmail.com
Received: 13-SEP-2019 Accepted: 19-APR-2020 Published Online: 25-APR-2020
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2020.0022
Background: The manifestations of tuberculosis osteomyelitis in children non-specific. The only early symptoms are pain and swelling of the involved site. Therefore, the disease is often neglected. Case Report: A 17-month-old boy presented with a four-month history of a painful mass over his left lower leg. X-ray of the left knee showed moderate soft tissue swelling over the medial aspect of the left knee. On physical examination, knee mass was fluctuant, minimally tender and non-pulsatile on palpation and without an associated knee effusion. Histological examination of excised specimen confirmed tuberculous granulomas. Post-operatively the child recovered well and was discharged anti-tubercular drugs for 9 months. Conclusion: Early diagnosis of TB osteomyelitis in children poses a challenge. A high index of suspicion for tuberculosis is needed, and it should be included on the list of differential diagnosis in children with musculoskeletal complaints of swelling and stiffness. The absence of pulmonary TB does not exclude the diagnosis of infantile tuberculous osteomyelitis. 
Keywords : Child, Granuloma, Osteoarticular Tuberculosis, Osteomyelitis, Pain.
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