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Journal of Case Reports
“The Leaky Airway”: Spontaneous Tracheo Bronchial Tree Injury
Jerry Jacob, Shakunthala Murthy, Harshith Mundra
Department of Emergency Medicine, St john’s Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Corresponding Author:
Dr Jerry Jacob
Email: jerryjacob123@gmail.com
Received: 22-OCT-2020 Accepted: 12-JUL-2021 Published Online: 20-SEP-2021
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17659/01.2021.0052
Background: Spontaneous tracheal rupture is one of the rare life-threatening conditions. Tracheal lacerations are generally secondary to cervical or chest trauma or occurring as a complication of endotracheal intubation. Spontaneous trachea-bronchial tree injury (TBI) are potential killers if not diagnosed early and treated adequately. Case Report: We hereby report two case reports of spontaneous TBI, one secondary to a lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and the other secondary to COPD with long term steroid use. There are only less than 5 case reports till date, published on spontaneous TBI. Conclusion: Spontaneous TBI are life-threatening, under reported, rare and difficult to diagnose and has a high mortality rate.
Keywords : Emergency Medicine, Lacerations, Rupture, Thoracic Injuries, Trachea.
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